Why do EU sanctions on Russia not target the Russian population?

Because EU leaders believe Russia is a democracy.
5% (5 votes)
Because EU leaders believe Russia is not a democracy.
95% (93 votes)
Total votes: 98

Comments

In my opinion Rusia is a big force and economic sanctions against Russia imposed by the EU have already cost the European countries about 30 bilion euros. EU exports to Russia dropped annually by 15.7% from 2014 when sanctionw were applied. In Russia the impact of sanctions was the most damaging in the first year because there hasn t been significant progress in moving trade flows to the others countries. The sanctions were introduced after Crimea organized a referendum to withdraw from Ukrsine and returne to the Russia Federation, there being suspicions that the trial was under the influence of Russia. EU in the last time imposed new sanctions on Russia but Moscova reserves the right to react but at the same time maintains the interest in developing cooperation with the EU because they remain loyal the assumed obligations. The EU has decide on new sanctions against Russia but this time targeting three people, including Russia s deputy energy minister Andrei Cerezov and the director of the Russian company that bought the Siemens turbines were added to the EU blacklist that forbids them to travel to the Union and freezes funds. The sanctioned companies also include the two contracting companies that have moved gas turbines in the Crimea in violation of EU sanctions. They prohibit business in the Black Sea after it s annexation by Russian in 2014.
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From what I read I know that The US and EU have spearheaded sanctions against Russia, but other countries have followed suit. Canada joined the US and EU in the initial round of specifically targeted sanctions on March 17, 2014, after a referendum in Crimea on whether people wanted to join Russia or remain part of Ukraine "the US considered the poll to be illegitimate". Hours after those sanctions were placed, Putin signed a draft bill for the annexation of Crimea, and five days later, he officially signed that bill into law. Other countries imposed their own sanctions in the days and months following, including Japan and Australia, as well as several non-EU countries in Europe, including Norway and Switzerland. What impact have they had? Measuring the impact of sanctions on Russia's economy is not an exact science, and different experts have different opinions. But what seems clear is that the price of oil "which Russia's economy depends on" has had a far greater impact than sanctions. In 2015, when the Ukraine-related sanctions had begun to take hold, the IMF reported that the measures could shrink the economy by 9% over time. A reduction in trade with Russia has also hit some parts of the EU, if not the economy overall, and in August 2014, Russia retaliated by placing a ban on food imports from the countries that had imposed sanctions. That hit the EU's agri-food sector profoundly. What does Russia want? Putin has repeatedly ridiculed the sanctions and called on countries, particularly the US, to drop them. But Russia's economy is beginning to show new signs of life, so such calls may now be aimed at improving conditions for certain individuals, companies or sectors. It appears that Russia has lobbied for the US to drop other sanctions imposed under the 2012 Magnitsky Act, which targets Russians whom the US considers human rights abusers. Those being said I think that EU sanctions do not target the Russian Population because they are a powerful nation and they have a fearful leader.
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The main target of the EU sanctions is to enforce the Russia leaders and their political supporters to change their policy on their west boarders and to execute the Minsk agreements. The large part of the Russian population support its leader. So, I think, Europeans took into account: 1)the principle: the children must not answer for their parents' crimes; 2)if the EU sanctions would target the Russian population the EU could receive the worst consequence: the second North Korea (where the population support its leaders, its government in every decisions they made); 3)the European humanism.
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As for me, EU tries to prevent the agression of Russia in future by the sanctions, and to influence only on the goverment and on a small number of people but not on the whole population of Russia.These sanctions are work, but Brexit puts sanctions at risk because Brexit destroys the unity of Europian countries against Russia.
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The Russian economic system is an oligarchic system with a small number of owners close to the ruling circles. They influence on decision-making by politicians. European economic sanctions include measures dealing with access to the capital markets for specified financial and defense institutions; restrictions on the export of dual-use goods and technologies; restrictions on dealing with technologies listed on the Common Military List; restrictions on dealing with goods and services related to the oil industry; sanctions targeting individuals and entities through travel bans and asset freezes. I think, that these actions directed at those who have weight in making policy decisions and not on the Russian population.
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The EU sanctions targeted Russia's state finances, energy and arms sectors. These are sectors managed by the powerful elite (oligarchic system) around President Vladimir Putin. Individuals are targeted with an asset freeze affects not only bank accounts and shares but also economic resources such as property. So those on the list are not allowed to buy or sell their assets in the EU, once the freeze is in force. The travel ban means being prevented from entering an EU country, even if a person is in transit. They would be placed on a visa blacklist. There are however some exemptions. Diplomatic immunity still has to be respected, so diplomats can be exempted. A targeted individual may also be exempted on humanitarian grounds, for example if he/she needs to pay for medical treatment. An EU Council document defines the scope of such sanctions. The US sanctions also affect some of Russia's richest businessmen, including President Putin's inner circle. US restrictions is targeting the biggest Russian bank - Sberbank - defence conglomerate Rostec, Gazprom and some other major players in the Russian economy. Their access to long-term loans has been blocked. Like the EU, the US has banned exports of services and technology to Russian state oil firms engaged in Arctic and deep-water exploration. These sanctions are addressed to people near Putin and not to the Russian population.
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I think that EU sanctions on Russia don’t target the Russian population because they believe that Russia is not a democracy, because I think that people from Russia are not guilty that the Russian leaders make a decision to take Crimea. I think that oligarchs have a big influence on the decisions of government. And we see on the video that the sanctions are more aimed at politicians and businessmen.
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The European Union sanctioned different sectors (and therefore actors) of Russian involvement in the EU. The scope was to harm the oligarchical circle so that in turn would pressure Putin to make amends. Instrumentally, freezing assets, viza`s and equity of large Russian owned enterprises that deal with EU partners, must feel like a powerful deterrent. One can say that it is an attrition strategy to show strength. An overview of the sanctions : Exclusion of Russia, from G8 Summits, and partisan voting against Russian interests. Ban of imports originating from Crimea or Sevastopol unless validated with an Ukrainian certificate. Ban on providing tourism services to Crimea or Sevastopol. • Embargo on the import and export of arms and related material from/to Russia, covering all items on the EU common military list, with some exceptions. • Prohibition on exports of dual use goods and technology for military use in Russia or to Russian military end-users, including all items in the EU list of dual use goods. Export of dual use goods to nine mixed end-users is also banned. • Exports of certain energy-related equipment and technology to Russia are subject to prior authorisation by competent authorities of Member States. Export licenses will be denied if products are destined for oil exploration and production in waters deeper than 150 meters or in the offshore area north of the Arctic Circle, and projects that have the potential to produce oil from resources located in shale formations by way of hydraulic fracturing.
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Russia is not a democratic country. In fact, Russia's political and economic elite itself is sanctioning the citizens of its country. I support the opinion of Galyna and Mr. Hritcan that international sanctions concern representatives of those close to the leadership of the country. But at the same time, the sanctions have two sides - one they limit entry to other countries, the use of technology, etc., and with another sanction spurred the domestic development of the economy of Russia
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In my opinion, it is expedient to put sanctions on Russian political and economic elite. In Russian Federation, the decision-making process is controlled by the closed group of people (who has some kind of interest in some specific spheres). That is why it is quite logical to punish those who are, firstly, responsible for the current state and, secondly, can influence the future development of the situation. Besides, due to the intensive propaganda and non-democratical approaches, the weak political will of the Russian population was formed. Also, most of the Russian population is already constrained by economic issues.
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