Is East-West migration good for economic convergence in Europe?

Yes
82% (119 votes)
No
18% (26 votes)
Total votes: 145

Comments

Think from outside point of view, if people go from East to West and work is good for Europe because is increasing the work force in Europe, if he will stay at home and he will not have a place to work that is not good, we are talking herea about Europe not by a country perspective.
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Able-bodied population from less developed eastern countries migrates to more developed western countries. On the one hand, East-West migration is good for economic convergence in Europe. Some people go back and use their experience in their countries. On the other hand, mostly young workers are migrating. Eastern countries are losing the most able-bodied population, which plays the most important role in economic development. In recent years, the labor migration of young men in Ukraine has been very high. There is already a shortage of frames of workers' professions.
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The dataset on international migration used for the analyses was collected by Mariola Pytlikova and encompasses information on bilateral flows and stocks of immigrants from 42 destination countries over the period 1980–2010.12 The dataset had been gathered by requesting detailed information on migration inflows and foreign population stocks by source country from selected national statistical offices in 27 countries. For six other countries—Chile, Israel, Korea, Mexico, the Russian Federation and Turkey—the migration data comes from the OECD International Migration Database. For nine other destinations—Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania and Slovenia—the data is collected from Eurostat. For the purpose of our analysis, we have used data on foreign population stocks13 and have focused on EU15 and EU27 as destination countries and the EU12 and EaP as sending countries, for a time period ranging from 1995 to 2010.14 As concerns the number of observations on foreign population stocks across all EU27 destination countries, the data has become more comprehensive over time, and thus missing observations have become less of a problem in more recent years. Compared to other migration data sources, our data is more comprehensive, for most countries have annual information on current stock of migrants and had kept such records for a relatively long time-period. In our dataset, as in the other existing datasets, different countries use different definitions for an “immigrant” and draw their foreign population statistics from different sources. While some countries report country of birth definition, which is preferred in our data, other countries use the definition by citizenship or country of origin, which includes the second or third generations of immigrants, excluding the naturalized ones. In the process of data gathering, the definition of country of birth was prioritized whenever possible. The main reason was to avoid problems related to the naturalization of foreigners, which can range significantly across countries, and therefore relying on definition by citizenship would lead to measurement issues. Although for the vast majority of destinations in our data we use country of birth definitions, for some destinations we have only data by citizenship or country of origin, see Table 4 in Appendix 1 for an overview of definitions and sources of the foreign population data. This may induce some measurement issues; see Pedersen et al. (2008), Adserà et al. (2015) and Cai et al. (2016) for a discussion. Unfortunately, two important European destinations, Germany and the Netherlands, did not provide data by country of birth.15 We acknowledge that using migration data by country of nationality for these two countries may induce some measurement issues, which we address in the analyses, at least partly, by including country fixed effects. The information on other economic and social factors for these countries has come mostly from the World Development Indicators (WDI) by the World Bank, and part from sources such as OECD, ILO, or IMF.
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Acest comentariu este plagiat in proportie de 100% de pe urmatorul site: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10663-017-9370-x Mentionarea sursei este relevanta doar in cazul parafrazarii. The rest of this comment has been unpublished for being off-topic and repetitive
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I think that East-West migration is good for economic convergence in Europe, but not good for the country. For Eastern Europeans, the motivation to leave is mainly for better jobs and higher pay. Better institutions and economic policies in home countries would make it more attractive for people to stay, for emigrants to return and for people from other countries to seek jobs in Eastern Europe. For the European Union given that the East-West migration has benefited the European Union as a whole. High-skilled migrants bring diverse talent and expertise, while low-skilled migrants fill essential occupations for which natives are in short supply and allow natives to be employed at higher-skilled jobs.
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Acest comentariu este plagiat in proportie de 100% de pe urmatorul site: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10663-017-9370-x Mentionarea sursei este relevanta doar in cazul parafrazarii. The rest of this comment has been unpublished for being off-topic and repetitive
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In opinia mea, migratia este benefica doar pentru tara ospitaliera, dar nu si pentru cea din care emigreaza cetatenii. Partea cea mai rea este ca cei care emigreaza sunt cei tineri, in forma de munca foarte buna. Acest lucru duce la o mare scadere a fortei de munca in propria tara. Tinerii care dispun de o pregatire universitara foarte buna si pleaca pentru a profesa in alte tari decat in propria tara sunt o pierdere enorma, dar un castig pentru tara gazda. Astfel se creeaza o balanta ce nu este tocmai echilibrata pentru Europa, fiind alcatuita din weak countries si strong countries.
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Din punctul meu de vedere migratia din tarile in curs de dezvoltare catre tarile dezvoltate are atat avantaje cat si dezavantaje. In primul rand țara " gazdă" își amplifică forța de muncă calificată însă ne lovim aici de disponibilitatea migranților de a efectua muncă pentru un salariu inferior celui oferit cetățenilor acelei țări. In acest caz angajatorii sunt tentați să favorirezeze mâna de lucru ieftină. De asemenea, țările dezvoltate au un sistem social bine pus la punct, iar populația care migreaza tinde să profite de ajutoare sociale consistente care le pot asigura un trai mai bun decat cel din tara natala. Pemtru țara din care se migreaza exista o serie puncte slabe. Printre ele aș aminti forța de muncă calificată care alege să părăsească statul in căutarea unui loc de muncă bine remunerat. De asemenea, un procent mare din populația care migrează este constituit din tineri. Acest lucru determină o slabire a economiei prin faptul că statul rămâne cu o populație constituita din persoane cu varste inaintate care curand vor iesi din campul muncii.
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Din punctul meu de vedere o data cu liberalizarea acestui proces in Uniunea Europeană, migrația reprezintă un proces economic unde gradul de utilizare a forței de munca și o parte a populație care este activa cresc. In general cei care migrează (referitor la Europa) sunt statele din Est unde rata salarizării este foarte scăzută, spre Vest unde salariile depășesc mult condiția celor din Est. Iar acest lucrur duce la o mare scădere a forței de munca in statele din Est și la o diferenta majora între statele dezvoltate ale Europei și la cele subdezvoltate.
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In opinia mea, migrația populației este un fenomen care avantajează Europa deoarece cetățenii care emigrează sunt tinerii. Scaderea de populaţie este datorată unei natalităţi în permanentă descreştere, dar şi migraţiei forţei de muncă, de regulă tânără şi calificată sau înalt calificată. Un alt aspect este cel al beneficiilor pe care migraţia le are atât asupra statelor în curs de dezvoltare cât şi a celor de destinaţie. Astfel, ea reduce sărăcia, somajul, reglează dezechilibrele existente pe piaţa muncii ducând la creşterea salariilor şi stimulează înmulţirea investiţiilor în capitalul uman.
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