EU government and tourism
Tourism employs 12 million people in Europe (more than 5% of employment), and inbound tourism contributes with 356 billion euro in revenue to the European economy. Government policy in general and EU policy in particular can greatly affect tourism. Reduced VAT rates for food, Schengen visa requirements, the regulation of flight delays, the abolition of roaming charges, the regulation of Uber and Airbnb, or the Erasmus+ programme, are just a few examples of how EU policy can affect the tourism sector. The tourism industry is well aware of this and tries to influence legislation, executive, and judicial decisions, in a number of ways, from elections to lobbying campaigns. For such attempts to be successful, it is essential to have a scientific understanding of how the EU political system works. This course offers a general introduction to EU government, politics, and policy, with special attention to the EU's tourism industry. The course will consist of a combination of online lectures and seminars. Online quizzes and discussion questions will allow students to develop their empirical, analytical and critical understanding of the EU.
1. Tourism and development. 2. The political system of the EU and the tourism industry: introduction to the scientific analysis of the EU. 3. Public opinion, elections and lobbying. 4. Legislative politics: agendas and vetoes. 5. Executive and judcial politics: principals and agents. 6. The single market, and other efficiency policies: competition, transport, fisheries. 7. The euro and Economic and Monetary Union. 8. Tourism policy: trends and policy priorities, seamless transport, the sharing economy, country profiles. 9. The budget and redistributive policies: common agricultural policy, regional policy, social policy. 10. Immigration and foreign policy: Schengen, common commercial policy. 11. Deepening and widening: enlargement and the theory of clubs. 12. Democracy and economic development: What ca we expect from the EU?
S. Hix and B. Høyland, The political system of the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011; OCDE (2016). OECD Tourism trends and policies 2016. OECD Publishing.