Foreign policy and diplomacy in the European Union
The course provides an introduction to foreign policy analysis and to foreign policy in the context of the European Union. The course consists of two parts. The first part of the course examines the key concepts and schools of thought in foreign policy analysis, concentrating particularly on the process of decision making, the internal and external factors which influence foreign policy decisions, the instruments available to foreign policy decision makers, and the effect of changes in the international system on foreign policy. This part also introduces students to different ways to think about the national interest and shows them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing foreign policy. These tools will allow students to analize real world issues such as the effectiveness of economic sanctions as part of an international reaction to North Korea's and Iran's nuclear aspirations. In the second part we will study the foreign policy of the European Union, starting by the development of the external activities of the European Communities since 1957, including the development of European Political Cooperation and the Common Foreign and Security Policy. The relationship between the member states and these external activities will also be analysed, in particular the impact of the evolution of EU institutions and policies on national foreign policies. The course will also cover the external relations of the European Union, including external trade and development policy, as well as relations between the EU and non-EU states and regions.
1. Introduction. Foreign Policy Decision Making. 2. Bureaucracies and Foreign Policy. 3. The strategic perspective: when foreign policy collides with domestic politics. 4. Tools for analyzing foregn policy. An introduction to game theory. 5. Conceptualising EU foreign policy. 6. The evolution of the EU as an international actor. 7. The EU’s foreign policy instruments. 8. Regional cooperation. 9. Human rights. 10. Democracy and good governance. 11. Conflict prevention. 12. The fight against international crime. 13. Conclusion.
Alden, C., & Aran, A. (2016). Foreign policy analysis: new approaches, 2nd ed. Routledge; Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce (2013), Principles of International Politics, 5th edition, Washington: QC Press, chapters 1-4; Smith, Karen (2014), European Union Foreign Policy in a Changing World, 3rd edition, London: Polity.